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CCR Recent Publications

Recent Publications by CCR-related Faculty

Timothy Cheek, Jeffrey Wasserstrom. "China's 'slow-motion revolution' has stalled", Los Angeles Times. June 4, 2015.

Timothy Cheek, “Chinese Propaganda in Historical Perspective: Five Terms to Consider”China Policy Institute Blog (University of Nottingham). May 11, 2015.

Timothy Cheek and Yves Tiberghient contributed to the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada debate on "Is China’s Collapse Really Inevitable?". March 16, 2015. 

Alison Bailey, “Culture: The Spirit of China”, in China: People, Place, Culture, History.   Alison Bailey, Ronald G. Knapp, Peter Neville-Hadley, J.A.G. Roberts, Nancy S. Steinhardt. Foreword by Anchee Min. London: Dorling Kindersley, 2007, pp.234-279. (Non-peer-reviewed).
Guest editor, Renditions. Vol. 70 (Nov. 2008): Violence in Ming and Qing Literature. (Editor’s Introduction: “Writing Violence”). Forthcoming.
Timothy Brook


Death by a Thousand Cuts. Co-authored with Jerome Bourgon and Gregory Blue.
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2008.
Vermeer's Hat: The Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Global World. New York: Bloomsbury; Toronto: Penguin; London: Profile, 2008.
Nanjing datusha yingwen shiliao ji. Taipei: Shangwu yinshuguan,
2007. Expanded Chinese translation of Documents on the Rape of Nanking (Ann
Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999).
Timothy Cheek


The Cambridge Critical Introduction to Mao (NY: Cambridge University Press, under contract, exp. 2009)
China since 1989: Living with Reform (London: Zed Books, Oct. 2006).
Mao Zedong and China's Revolutions: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 2002).


"Of Leaders and Governance: How the Chinese Dragon Got Its Scales," a review essay on Ezra Vogel, Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China (Harvard, 2011), in Cross-Currents: East-Asian History and Culture Review, No 2 (March, 2012).

“Xu Jilin and the Thought Work of China’s Public Intellectuals,” The China Quarterly, No. 186 (Jun. 2006), 401-20.
“The New Number One Counter-Revolutionary Inside the Party: Academic Biography as Mass Criticism,” part of an invited roundtable assessment of Mao: The Unknown Story, The China Journal, No. 55 (January 2006), 109-18.
“Mao Zedong” entry in Dictionary of Communism, eds. Silvio Pons and Robert Service (Torino: Einaudi, 2006)

“The New Chinese Intellectual: Globalized, Disoriented, Reoriented,” in China’s Transformations: The Stories Beyond the Headlines, Lionel Jensen & Timothy B. Weston, eds. (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), pp. 265-84.


Genius Mao

Fading of Wild Lilies

Diana Lary,
Editor, The Chinese State at the Borders. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2007.
-           China’s Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007
-           co-editor (with Ezra Vogel and Stephen MacKinnon). China at War. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007.
Introduction, The Chinese State at the Borders. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2007.
A zone of nebulous menace: the Guangxi/Indochina border in the Republican period”, in The Chinese State at the Borders. 2007.
Daniel Overmyer,
 "Chinese Religious Traditions from 1900-2005: an Overview", Chapter 9,
pp. 173-197, in The Cambridge Companion to Modern Chinese Culture, edited by Kam Louie. To be published by the Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Co-editor with Fan Lizhu, Four volumes in the series Studies of the
Popular Culture of North China Villages on Baoding, Gu'an, Xianghe and
Handan Counties, in Hebei Province. Published in Tianjin by the Tianjin
Classics Publishing Company, 2006-2007.
Qiyan Wu Visiting Scholar, SCARP
Qiyan Wu and Yan Luo, The Comparative Study of Gentrification between Chinese and Western, URBAN PLANNING REVIEW, 2007.No.8 (in Chinese, with English abstract)
Qiyan Wu and Zuxing Yin, The Progress of Urban Gentrification Study and its Future, HUMAN GEOGRAPHY (forthcoming, in Chinese, with English abstract)
 Qiyan Wu and Hao Chen, The Research of Urban Economic Effect Region Spatial Evolution: Yunnan Province as an Example, Acta Geographica Sinica, 2007Vol.62(12) (in Chinese, with English abstract)


No.96-1. Diana Lary, "Chinese Reds"

From its birth, China's Communist revolution was a red revolution, since it followed the Russian revolution. The dominance of red in the communist symbolic system was incredibly fortunate for the Chinese Communists, given the importance of the various reds within Chinese colour. This paper looks at the specific symbolism attached to the various reds, in their pre-revolutionary, revolutionary and post-revolutionary usages.

No.96-2. Edgar Wickberg, "Do Overseas Chinese Huiguan Have A Future?"

This paper discusses both threats and sustaining forces that will shape the future of traditional Chinese surname and home-district associations around the world.

No.96-3. Graham E. Johnson and Yuen-fong Wong, "Rural Development Patterns in Post- Reform China: The Pearl River Delta Region in the 1990s.

This paper suggests that conventional formulations of rural transformation are inadequate and indicates that McGee's concept of desakota is a useflil device to account for spatial changes in the wake of policy change. The delta is not, however, an homogeneous entity. The paper identifies four distinct patterns of development and relates them to historical, locational, and political factors and suggests that distinct and highly local social values have an important role to play.

No.96-4. Samuel P.S. Ho, "Rural Enterprises in China: Six Case Studies"

During the 1980s, rural industry emerged as China's most dynamic sector. How did China's rural enterprises emerge, develop, and become an engine of growth? To shed light on this question, this paper presents six case studies of rural enterprises. At the time of the field study, four of the enterprises were collectively owned (two by townships. one by a village, and one by two teams in the same village), and two were private enterprises.

No.96-5. Graham E. Johnson, "Managing Revolutionary Transformation: Action and Reaction in the Pearl River Delta Region"

This paper raises questions concerning the transformation of the Pearl River Delta region over a forty year period. It discusses the management of change in a variety of field sites, which include the Overseas Chinese area of the western delta, the commercialized heartland of Shunde, and extensively industrialized Dongguan. It also includes the case of Tsuen Wan in Hong Kong's New Territories, in which the process of industrial transformation not merely proceeded the other cases by two decades but is also very similar in form, despite a distinct colonial political context.

No.96-6. George C. S. Lin, "Driving Forward on Five Wheels: Transformation of A Rural Economy in the Thujiang Delta"

The zilujiang Delta region in southern China has since the reforms undergone a process of dramatic economic and spatial transformation. This study examines the dynamics of economic change and assesses its spatial and environmental consequences. My analysis of data from Nanhai County reveals that the local economy has moved away from the impasse of "involutionary growth," or "growth without development," to enter a new era of genuine "transformative development." The transformation of the local economy has been fueled primarily by the upsurge of rural industry, but agriculture has not been wiped out completely despite rapid rural industrialization. The development of numerous small-scale and labor-intensive industries in the countryside has created substantial employment opportunities to absorb the surplus rural labor force and resulted in a distinct pattern of urbanization of the countryside wherein industrial/agricultural or urban/rural activities stand side by side. Recent economic development in the delta region has been a result of the state's relaxed control over the local economy, not a consequence of any active government intervention. Contrary to the conventional expectation, the de-collectivization of the production system has not undermined the importance of the collective sector. A new type of peasant economy, motivated primly by local collective initiative and shaped by free market forces, is quickly taking shape in the post-reformed zilujiang Delta region.

No. 97-1. Samual P.S. Ho, "Technology Transfer to China During the 1980s -- How Effective? Some Evidence From Jiangsu"

During the 1980s, China imported an impressive amount of technology. But size alone cannot measure the success of China's technology import program. An equally, if not more, relevant success criterion is how effectively did China use its opportunity to import technology. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on this question. Survey evidence from Jiangsu suggests that China's experience with technology import during the 1980s was at best uneven. Many import projects did not did not begin production on time and the increase in output was significantly less than expected. Among the problems uncovered were inadequate planning, poor preparation, wasteful duplication, and an inability to adapt the imported technology to local conditions. Such problems undoubtedly will continue to trouble China's technology program in the 1990s, but there are reasons for optimism. The most important ones are a significant hardening of the budget constraint faced by industrial enterprises, the increased reliance on foreign direct investment as a vehicle for technology transfer, and the fact that production and R&D are no longer strictly separated.

No. 97-2. Graham E. Johnson, "Links To and Through South China: Local, Regional and Global Connections"

This paper deals with the internationalization of Hong Kong and raises questions about economic, political, and cultural change within an increasingly globalised context, but one in which Hong Kong's links to China have changed significantly over time.

No. 97-3. Graham E. Johnson, "The New Territories: Backstage Hong Kong"

The New Territories of Hong Kong, which was "leased" to Britain in 1898 for 99 years, was the ostensible reason for Britain and China to begin discussions that led to the announcement that on June 30, 1997, China will resume sovereignty over British-administered Hong Kong, including those territories that were ceded "in perpetuity". This paper discusses the history of the New Territories, and changes in the contemporary period.

No. 97-4. George C.S. Lin, "The Hong Kong-Guangdong Integration: Processes and Consequences in A Local Chinese Economy"

The implementation of China's "open door" policy since 1979 has significantly strengthened social and economic linkages between Hong Kong and Guangdong Province. This study examines the processes and consequences of regional integration in southern China. The relocation of manufacturing activity from Hong Kong to Guangdong has not displayed a spatial tendency of concentration in large urban centres. The existence of personal kinship ties, an improved transport infrastructure, an abundant supply of cheap labor and land space, and the lack of strict regulations on environmental pollution have combined to make the suburban area between Hong Kong and Guangzhou a place no less attractive than a conjested large city to Hong Kong manufacturers. The inflow of capital and manufacturing facilities has quickened the pace of Chinese rural industrialization and facilitated a distinct urbanization process whereby a great number of surplus rural laborers entered factories in the countryside without having to move into cities. The intrusion of global capitalism has also changed the culture, behavior, and lifestyle of the local Chinese people.

No. 97-5. You-tien Hsing, "Trans-national Networks of Chinese Capitalists and Development in Local China: Research Agenda and Methodologies"

Generated from my previous research on Taiwanese direct investment in southern China, this paper addresses the issues of the transformation of transnational networks of Chinese capitalists, and the relationship between the Chinese state and the network in the last two decades. Four research agenda are proposed: the global-local reform coalition established between overseas Chinese capitalists and local Chances states; the competition among the states of Taiwan, Singapore, and other Pacific Rim countries to participate and shape the expanding networks of Chinese capitalists; the intersection between diversities of Chinese capitalisms and shifting Chinese identities; and the impact of expansive overseas Chinese capital in China on the development of local Chinese cities and towns. Some preliminary thoughts on methodologies are presented at the end of the paper.

No. 97-6. Andrew M. Marton, "Urbanization in China: Transactional Relations and the Repositioning of Locality"

The development of market socialism in China has contributed to a remarkable spatial economic transformation in particular areas of the Chinese countryside. The conventional wisdom of existing theories of urban transition does not adequately explain the emergence of these open textured landscapes of mixed agricultural and non-agricultural activities. This paper examines some of the key processes and mechanisms of regional restructuring in one county level jurisdiction in the lower Yangzi delta. A case study of Kunshan situated the emergence of specific patterns of industrial production within a complex network of interactions and interrelationships embedded in overlapping administrative and institutional structures which are themselves largely tied to the circumstances of particularly places. Two central findings are revealed. First, the patterns and underlying processes and mechanisms of regional development in the delta are fundamentally linked to intensely localized exigencies and opportunities within the wider space economy. Second, external economies, the dynamics of agglomeration, and the role of large cities and other exogenous forces, while significant, were less important in the delta than were endogenous forces. The paper concludes by highlighting a number of issues which need to be accommodated in a new conceptual framework for understanding and explaining urbanization in China's lower Yangzi delta.

No. 98-1. Nina Halpern, "Adaptation and Decline in Chinese Basic-Level Party Organizations." Presented at the 1997 Annual Meeting of the Maerican Political Science Association,
The Sheraton Washington Hotel, August 28-31, 1997.

This paper investigates how China's basic-level Communist Party organizations have adapted to economic and other reforms in the post-Mao era. It disagrees with common interpretations which overemphasize the decline and disintegration of these organizations in the face of marketization. Instead, it argues that the party organizations are actively responding to their changed environment, and incorporating in the process three different and often contradictory institutions or logics--Leninism, marketization, and organizational reform--that make up that changed environment. Thus, the paper suggests that in the future, the Chinese Communist Party may demonstrate greater resilience than is often supposed.

No. 98-2. Hill Gates and Nina Halpern, "Getting the Kid a Job: Allocation of Family Labour to Household, Market, and State." Presented at the Conference on Rural Society and Culture in Southeastern China, sponsored by the Institute of Ethnology of the Academica Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, March 24-26, 1997.

This paper explores how families make decisions on whether to allocate labour to household, market, or state-sector economic activities. It is based on fieldwork and interviews conducted in twelve villages spread across Shanghai, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang provinces. It finds that these villages can be grouped into three "types," which offer very different employment opportunities to their residents. The paper concludes that, in fact, few villagers have a real ability to choose between jobs in all three sectors. Their opportunities, and thus their choices, are largely explained by a combination of infrastructure availability, levels of state employment, abundance of household means of production, and gender norms in their particular locality.

No. 98-3. David Zweig, "Will China Liberalize?" Forthcoming in The National Interest.

Many scholars believe the growth of markets, increased information, and economic development in the Third World inevitably leads to political democratization. But this paper argues that China's future liberalization depends on its property rights regime, the balance between expanding market forces and the rational interest of self-seeking bureaucrats, global economic pressures, and the willingness of China's leaders to push economic reforms in the face of social instability and political resistance. In particular, bureaucrats, who earn "rents" from China's "mixed economy," need to continue to regulate domestic and international exchanges. Therefore, rather than shift from a centrally planned economy to one dominated by market forces, China has moved to a form of local economic corporatism. Globally, it has not shifted to a totally interdependent relationship with the world economy; instead it pursues an "industrial policy" and mercantilist strategy. Finally, because of its property rights regime, China is generating a "middle strata" of mayors, director of development zones, factory managers and others who are part of a dominant economic network, rather than a large and powerful middle class. Therefore China lacks the key political force that would link market reform and political democratization.

No. 98-4. George C.S. Lin, "State Policy and Spatial Restructuring in Post-Reform China: Towards a Synthesis." An earlier version of this paper was presented at the meeting of the Association of American Geographers in Fort Worth, Texas, USA, April 1997.

China's economic reform since 1978 has brought profound change not only to the functioning of the state organization but also to the structuring of the space economy. Prior to the reform, the Maoist regime introduced a system of state socialism featuring a centrally planned economy, an anti-commercialism ideology, and a development strategy that aimed at the rapid growth of industrial output. Important characteristics of the Maoist plan-ideological space include an uneven economic landscape dominated by the northern manufacturing heartland, a rigid urban hierarchy vertically integrated by a few large cities, and an "invisible wall" separating urban and rural settlements. The post-reform market-regulatory regime has decentralized the power of decision making, allowed a market economy to "grow out of the plan," and freed state control over some peripheral areas that are not indispensable to the growth of the national economy. This has given rise to a distinct developmental landscape marked by the rapid expansion of new production space in South China, small towns, and the vast countryside. Spatial restructuring in post-reform China has been primarily a result of state disarticulation rather than increased state intervention. Distinction needs to be made between "nation-state" and "local-state" for a better understanding of the operating mechanism of regional development. To solve the mystery of China's spatial restructuring requires a comprehensive approach that moves beyond the traditional east-west regional dichotomy and concentrates on the shifting emphasis of the production space between North and South China, between large cities and small towns, and between cities and the countryside.

No. 98-5. Shi Chen, "The Communist Leadership in Urban China, 1949-1955: the Case of Shanghai Revisited."

In the literature of the history of the Chinese Communist revolution, the revolution has been commonly viewed as a peasant revolution, the Communist take-over of urban China as a military victory, and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) as alien to urban settings and as weak vis-à-vis the Chinese bourgeoisie, and the CCP leadership was basically united in the early years of its rule. Drawing upon recently available materials, this paper attempts to revisit some of the conventional wisdom by a case study of the CCP leadership in Shanghai from 1949 to 1955. It explores the role of underground Communist activists before and during the take-over of this largest Chinese city, the composition of its municipal leadership, the Communists' strength and weakness vis-à-vis the Shanghai bourgeoisie, and intra-elite conflicts in the post-1949 period. The exploration leads to the conclusions that the CCP's considerable urban strength contributed to its victory over the Chinese bourgeoisie as well as the Kuomintang. Although the CCP leadership in general appeared to be relatively united then, elite strife was very serious within the leadership of Shanghai.


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