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IAR Papers

CAPRI (Canada Asia Pacific Research Initiatives) Special Series

No. 1. David W. Edgington (1994), Flexibility and Corporate Change in Chukyo, Japan: A Study of Five Industries.

Compared with industrial change in western countries the Japanese manufacturing sector appears to have been able to move rather smoothly from resource processing and 'smoke stack' industries, to machinery assembly, and then to a more technologically focussed stage of development. While much attention has been paid to the role of Japanese industry policy at the national level, relatively little consideration has been demonstrated with regard to industrial 'flexibility' at the regional scale, or in the workings of the major corporations concerned.

This paper presents some results of an exploratory study into recent corporate change in the Chukyo region during the last two decades. Centered on Nagoya, this industrial region has been one of Japan's most successful in adjusting to the challenges posed by the oil shocks of the 1970s and the high yen (endaka) in the 1980s. Based on surveys conducted in the private and public sector this research covers five of Chukyo's major industries: woolen textiles, industrial ceramics, automobiles, machine tools and office equipment. The study period was characterised by a particularly fiery pace of new product development in Japan. The inquiry focused on technological innovation and product diversification, production networks and subcontractor relations and regional labour markets, as well as the role of regional infrastructure and support groups.

No. 2. Mark Fruin (1993), Good Fences Make Good Neighbors: (Organizational Property Rights and Permeability in Product Development Strategies in Japan).

This essay explores the need for well articulated boundaries between independent organizational actors when property rights are specialized but not obviously so, by analyzing product development strategies in two industries, motor vehicles and electronics, mostly in Japan. Product development projects are considered surrogates for examining issues of organizational design -- where and how to define the boundaries of organization and mangement -- when economic activities are characterized by organization-specific assets and frequent cross-organization (interorganizational) transactions. In such circumstrances, organizational property rights, as expressed in site- and relation-specific incentive and reward systems, are critical to superior product development performance.

No. 3. Lonny E. Carlile (1993), Industrial Policy and Organized Business on the Other Side of the Developmental State: The Japanese Construction Industry, 1965-87.

No. 4. Juan J. Palacios (1994), Foreign Direct Investment and Technology Transfer in the Pacific Rim: The Case of the Electronics Industry in Two Proto-Silicon Valleys.

The aim of this paper is to examine the potential of foreign direct investment (FDI) for international technology transfer in the context of the Pacific Rim in the 1990s. To this end, the case of the electronics industry is considered, focusing on the experiences of two regions on the two sides of the Pacific Ocean [Penang, Malaysia, and Guadalajara, Mexico], where this industry has taken hold by virtue of the concentration of a sizable number of TNC subsidiaries.

No. 5. Xavier Furtado (1998), Canada, The Asia Pacific Region and the New Regionalism.

APECRIN Special Series

No. 1. Paul Bowles (1997), Canada and APEC: Why We're In, Why It Matters

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